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Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV)
Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) refers to mechanical therapies that do not require procedures to insert equipment into the airway (such as intubation or tracheotomy).
Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) devices are the most common NIV therapies. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is the most well-known among them, but Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP, sometimes called BPAP) is another NIV therapy.
Both CPAP and BiPAP, while originally intended to treat people with forms of sleep apnea, are also considered helpful in improving sleep breathing for people with other respiratory dysfunctions.