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Positive Airway Pressure (PAPS)
Positive airway pressure (PAP) is a mode of respiratory ventilation used in the treatment of sleep apnea. Positive Airway Pressure is the delivery of positive air. Pressure through the nasal passage forming an air splint of the upper airway to provide continuous air exchange during sleep in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome.
PAP ventilation is also commonly used for those who are critically ill in hospital with respiratory failure, in newborn infants (neonates), and for the prevention and treatment of atelectasis in patients with difficulty taking deep breaths. In these patients, PAP ventilation can prevent the need for tracheal intubation, or allow earlier extubation. Sometimes patients with neuromuscular diseases use this variety of ventilation as well.